What is psoriasis and what causes it

Psoriasis is a systemic disease. The treatment of this disease must be carried out by complex methods. This should be done for the reason that in such patients there is a malfunction of several internal organs at once. The causes of psoriasis can also be different.

elbow psoriasis


Doctors have not definitively determined what causes psoriasis. But at the same time, the main factors that cause plaque on the skin include:

  • predisposition at the genetic level. If the parents have had psoriasis, then only in 25% of cases it can be transmitted to their children. When both parents suffer from such a disease, the risk of transmission increases. Medicine still does not know the exact moments at the genetic level that contribute to the transmission of the disease.
  • Psychosomatics. Psychological causes also affect the onset of the disease. Psoriasis occurs in those who are constantly nervous or who are constantly under stress.
  • Immunity. The disease can also occur with a decrease in blood quality indicators or a decrease in immunity.
  • Thyroid gland. With a change in the hormonal background it will be possible to observe the manifestation of plaques on the body.
  • GIT. Digestive system failures lead to psoriasis.
  • Insufficient amount of vitamins B and A in the human body.
  • Psoriasis can occur after SARS. At the same time, doctors say that the common cold simply serves to activate the onset of the disease, but is not its cause.

To ensure the patient's remission for a long time, he must constantly take vitamins and use ointments.


The plates have different geometric shapes and colors. However, they are slightly convex. The rash is covered with remnants of dead skin. They can be removed. Then a spot will remain on this part of the body, which will differ in color from the rest of the skin.

The size of the stain can be from 1 to 10 centimeters. There are plaques and smaller sizes. Such manifestations can merge into a common mass and affect the whole body. These parts of the body may be itchy. The skin cells there will recover much more slowly than on healthy epidermis.

The causes of psoriasis can be psychological factors. Psychology is also important here. After experiencing stress, a rash may appear on a person's head. It can also appear on the face or ankles. The disease spreads to the head mainly in the scalp. In the early stages of such a disease it is easy to confuse it with seborrhea. Therefore, the patient may not pay attention to the symptoms for a long time, attributing this to the usual irritation of the epidermis.

psoriasis medications

Scientists say that no matter what the cause of the disease, its symptoms may not appear immediately. Spots on the body should be a signal of danger. They usually have different geometries and small diameters. At such manifestations there may be particles of dead epidermis.


The causes of psoriasis are different, but the treatment must be complex. It is important to pay attention to the symptoms of psoriasis first, and then to the causes. The causes and treatment are related.

In order to stop the disease immediately and prevent the possibility of its spread, it is necessary:

  • Set up a diet.
  • Eat foods with vitamins B12, B16, B and A.
  • Do not eat spicy, fried and salty.
  • Do not drink alcohol.
  • Don't be nervous and avoid stress.

In the initial stage of the manifestation of such a disease can be treated with ointments with salicylic acid. It will relieve inflammation, reduce itching and remove bacteria from the surface of plaques. In case of complications and in severe cases, the treatment is performed with the help of an ointment based on hormones. With it, the patient will relieve inflammation and reduce the possibility of plaque spread. The severity of the symptoms will also decrease.

Psoriasis also occurs in children. The causes of psoriasis here can be different. Psoriasis in children is also treated comprehensively. They are prescribed calcium, vitamins, antihistamines and sedatives. You can also make herbal baths to relieve stress and tension.

female psoriasis

An indirect effect on the manifestation of plaque may have an influx of hormones. The initial stage of the disease can also be diagnosed in a child during puberty. In women, the onset of the disease may coincide with the onset of menstruation. Symptoms can also appear in adulthood during menopause, when a hormonal surge is observed in the body.

pregnant woman with psoriasis at the doctor

When carrying a fruit, women experience remission. This is due to the fact that the adrenal glands work hard, releasing large amounts of cortisone.

It is also worth noting that the causes, symptoms and treatment of psoriasis can be almost the same in both women and men, regardless of age.


Half of people who suffer from psoriasis may also have joint problems. This disease can affect people between the ages of 30 and 40. Symptoms usually appear in the legs. To diagnose you will need to undergo an X-ray, undergo urine and blood tests.

Doctors have not yet determined the possibility of an individual approach for each patient with the ability to treat this disease. Therefore, medications and nonsteroidal ointments may usually be prescribed to relieve symptoms.

Folk remedies

In children or adults, psoriasis can be treated with folk remedies. He is susceptible to such treatment. At the same time, the causes of psoriasis can also be different.

If the disease occurs due to a gastrointestinal disorder, it can be successfully treated by taking herbal decoctions. Tinctures should be alcoholic. Here you can use the following plants:

  1. aloe.
  2. burdock.
  3. barley.
  4. Dandelion and others.

Such plants can have antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effect on the patient's body.


It is important to follow a diet with such a disease. During periods of exacerbation it is worth giving up the use of citrus fruits, milk, eggs. It is also worth eating salty foods carefully and in small amounts, but it is better to completely give up salt. You should also not drink rich broths of meat or fish. At the same time, doctors note that alcohol in small quantities can be consumed periodically. When the disease begins to progress, it is useful for the body to starve.

doctor examines psoriasis of the head


Psoriasis can be exacerbated. In this case, most of the patient's skin surface may stain. The condition of the joints will worsen. This is dangerous, because in heart failure the pathology can lead to serious consequences.

In this case, the patient will need to adhere to bed rest, inject intravenous fluid to help relieve inflammation, take complex medications that the doctor will prescribe, and apply bandages to the skin to cool down.


Given all the reasons why plaques may appear on the body, it is possible to identify prevention methods that help prolong remission. It is:

  • Quit smoking and alcohol.
  • Take sedatives and avoid stress.
  • Do not eat junk food (fried, salty, etc. ).
  • Monitor the work and condition of the thyroid gland. That is why you should see your doctor regularly.
  • Give up cosmetics completely or use them only in small quantities.
  • Create a daily routine.
  • Take vitamins, especially after SARS.

Ultraviolet radiation is a good way to prevent psoriasis. The rays can be both artificial and natural. Therefore, patients are advised to be more often in the sun or in the fresh air. When exposed to ultraviolet radiation, damaged areas of the skin will produce an enzyme that can speed up the process of cell regeneration. With the help of such baths it is possible to successfully treat both skin psoriasis and nail psoriasis.

It is also worth noting that scientists have found that there is still no way to fully recover from this disease. Remission can last from six months to several years.

Knowing these points, you will be able to identify the symptoms of psoriasis in time, as well as consult a doctor. If such a disease is treated at an early stage, then the process of therapy can be significantly facilitated and accelerated.